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About the breed

A miniature furry dog with a cunning fox face and a charming smile - this is a dwarf / Pomeranian dog. The breed belongs to the category of decorative. ICF and some other federations of cynologists consider it a variety of German Spitz. The rest, including AKC, are isolated as a separate breed.
Indeed, Pomeranian Spitz have some similarity with the German. However, the former have a softer, silky coat and short muzzle. Pomeranian Spitzes are small or miniature (zvergshpits), very rarely - medium.

History of the breed

The breed was bred in Germany, in the historical area of Pomerania, where the name came from. In 1870 miniature dogs came to England, where the process of creating a dwarf form began. Later, the elegance and beauty of the Pomeranians from Great Britain had a great influence on breeders all over the world, so the appearance of these Spitz was adopted as the reference one.
It so happened that in the Russian standard there is no definition of oranges, according to pedigrees, all are German. Only a division into dwarf and small is indicated


The dog has a round skull and small, not widely spaced ears. Eyes dark, almond-shaped, of medium size.
The body is short with deep chest and rounded ribs. The fluffy tail is located in a straight stripe along the back and makes the silhouette more rounded. Around the neck there is a luxurious "collar" resembling a lion's mane. The growth of the orange is from 18 to 30 cm, the height at the withers is from 18 to 22 cm. The proportions of the body height to the length are 1: 1. Dogs can weigh from one to three and a half kilograms.
The wool of the oranges is well developed: lush, dense, straight, protruding and with a dense undercoat. To the touch it is slightly harsh.

There are 12 colors:

  • the black,
  • black and tan,
  • blue and tan,
  • blue,
  • brown,
  • cream,
  • chocolate,
  • dark brown,
  • orange,
  • sable (red with black),
  • white,
  • two-color.

Life expectancy Spitz on average is 12 to 15 years.


Pomeranian Spitz has a cheerful, friendly and energetic character. He does not like being alone, so he will accompany a person everywhere. A dog at any age is ready to play days on end, he very much likes active walks in the street and fun with children.
A keen mind, attentiveness and ingenuity open wide opportunities for training an orange. He can perform various tricks, bring light things and exactly execute any other orders of the owner. At the same time, most of the commands the dog learns from the very first time, he does not need to be strict with him. In fact, the dog is ready for anything for the approval of the person.
Vigilance, courage and the ability to quickly navigate the situation make this little dog an excellent defender. He always shows infinite loyalty to his owner and his family members. In this case, Pomeranian is not always aware of his own growth and size, so he can even attack a major rival, if his behavior looks threatening.
Puppies get on well with other pets. However, in adults, some problems may arise due to the desire to dominate.

Features of the content

The dog's eyes, if necessary, should be wiped with cotton wool soaked in boiled water.

Pomeranian Pomeranian can not jump like a cat, so, holding it in your arms, you must carefully put it on the floor. For the same reason, to avoid injury, you can not leave the dog on the furniture. The owner, who wants the dog to be able to sleep on an armchair or sofa, can get a special ramp for the pet.

  • Wool pet requires regular care. Twice a week, she should be combed first with a puffer, and then with a comb.

  • To wash the Pomeranian Spitz is necessary before the exhibition, or if it gets very dirty. Also, water procedures are shown during moulting. Before bathing a pet, you need to carefully comb out the undercoat.